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小升初语法总结二十四——介词(手段、材料)

来源:学而思英语网 2010-06-17 14:19:12

    表示手段和材料的介词用

  (1)with
  
    ①和……在一起
    These plates keep moving ,like great ships ,carrying the continents with them .
    这些板块载着各个大陆,像航船一样不断地漂移。

    ②具有,带有
    A person with good manners is always kind and  polite.
    有礼貌的人总是和和气气,彬彬有礼的。
    ③用某种工具或方法
    He could swim with some special swimming shoes.
        穿着一些特制的游泳鞋,他能游泳。

  (2)in:表示用什么材料(例如:墨水,铅笔等)或用什么语言。表示衣着,声调特点时,不用with而用in。
    What's this in english. 这个用英语怎么说?

  (3)by:通过……方法,手段
    What do you mean by the word"island"? "island"是什么意思
        I prefer traveling by train .我更喜欢乘火车旅行。

 

  表示其他

  (1) of , from
    ①of  属于……的,表示…..的数量或种类
      It was beginning of the term .这是学期开始的时候。
    ②from:来自(某地,某人),以….起始
      She is a lady from canada .她是一位加拿大的女士。

    (2)without ,like ,as

    ①without :没有,是with的反义词
      She often worked for twenty-four without rest .她通常工作24小时而不休息。
    ②like:像……一样 
      Like many children of her age ,Ding Fang is a young pioneer .
      像很多同龄的孩子一样同,丁芳是个少先队员。
    ③as:作为
      They are carrying us as passengers.它们把我们当作乘客运载着。

  (3)against:反对。靠着
      Everyone tried to fight against the locusts .所有的人奋力扑打蝗虫。
     
  (4) about:
    ① 关于,各处,四周
    Nightingale wrote a book about nursing .南丁格尔写了一部关于护理方面的书。
    ② 询问某人,某物的情况或提出建议
    What about your family ? 你家里人怎么样? 

练习题

  ( ) 1 ___ the money, she bought a new coat ___ her father.
      A. With; for B. With; to C. For; with D. To; with
  ( ) 2 Wei Hua gets on well ___ her classmates.
      A. with B. in C. to D. at
  ( ) 3 -His sudden death surprised his wife.
        -It was so bad. His wife was surprised ____ his death.
      A. by B. with C.at D. on
  ( ) 4 Don't laugh____ him, he only made a small mistake.
      A. at B. to C. about D. over
  ( ) 5 The boy cried out ___ the top of his voice.
      A. at B. in C. on D. to
  ( ) 6 The beautiful bottle was made ____ glass.
      A. from B. in C. of D. by
  ( ) 7 The doctor worked___ five hours___ a rest.
      A. for; with B. on; without C. about; having D. for; without
  ( ) 8 I worked on the problem ____ a long time and I worked it out____myself____ last.
      A. for; by; at B. in; with; on C. on; by; in D. for; for; at the

 

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