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小升初语法总结之五——一般过去时态

来源:学而思英语网 2010-06-17 10:26:59

  1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。
 

  2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

    ⑴am和is在一般过去时中变为was。(wasnot=wasn’t)
    ⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(werenot=weren’t)
    ⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is,am,are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

 

  3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

    否定句:didn’t+动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.
    一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。
    如:Did Jim go home yesterday?
    特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?
    如:What did Jim do yesterday?

    ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?
    如:Who went to home yesterday?
    动词过去式变化规则:
    1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled,cook-cooked
    2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted
    3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped
    4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i,再加-ed,如:study-studied
    5.不规则动词过去式:
      am,is-was,are-were,do-did,see-saw,say-said,give-gave,get-got,go-went,come-came,have-had,eat-ate,take-took,run-ran,sing-sang,put-put,make-made,read-read,write-wrote,draw-drew,drink-drank,fly-flew,ride-rode,speak-spoke,sweep-swept,swim-swam,sit-sat


    过去时练习材料
 

   一、写出下列动词的过去式

      is am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________
      drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________
      does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____
      taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______
      throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

   
    二、Be动词的过去时练习

       用be动词的适当形式填空
      1. I _______ at school just now.
      2. He ________ at the camp last week.
      3. We ________ students two years ago.
      4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.
      5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.
      6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.
      7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.
      8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.
      9. I ______ an English teacher now.
      10. She _______ happy yesterday.
      11. They _______ glad to see each other last month.
      12. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.
      13. The little dog _____ two years old this year.
      14. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.
      15. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday..
      16. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.

   
    三、行为动词的过去时练习

        用行为动词的适当形式填空
      1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.
      2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.
      3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.
      4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.
      5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.
      6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.
      7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.
      8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.
      9. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.
      10. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.
      11. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)
      12. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?
      13. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.
      14. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.
      15. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.
      16. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

 

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