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小升初语法总结之四——一般将来时态

来源:学而思英语网 2010-06-17 10:19:31

  一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

        句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow,next day(week,month,year…),soon,the day after tomorrow(后天)等。


  二、基本结构:

    ①be going to+do;②will+do.


  三、否定句:

      在be动词(am,is,are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won't。
    例如:I'm going to have a picnic this afternoon.→I'm not going to have a picnic this afternoon.


  四、一般疑问句:be或will提到句首,some改为any,and改为or,第一二人称互换。

      例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend.→Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?


  五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。

    1.问人。Who例如:I'm going to NewYork soon.→Who's going to NewYork soon.
    2.问干什么。What…do.例如:My father is going to watch a race with me this afternoon.→What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.
    3.问什么时候。When.例如:She's going to go to bed at nine.→When is she going to bed?


  六、同义句:be going to=will

    I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天).=I will go swimming tomorrow.


今日练习:

    填空:


    1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。
    I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.
    I ________ have a picnic with my friends.
    2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。
    What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.
    What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.
    3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。
    _____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?
    Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.
    4. 你们打算什么时候见面。
    What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?
    改句子。
    5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)
    Nancy ________ going to go camping.
    6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)
    I _______ go ______ join them.
    7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)
    ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?
    8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)
    _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.
    9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)
    ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?
    10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)
    _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.


    用所给词的适当形式填空:

    11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.
    12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.
    13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.
    14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?
    15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.
    16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.
    17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.
    18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.
    19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.
    20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now


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