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小升初语法总结二十三——介词(表地点)

来源:学而思英语网 文章作者:学习 2010-04-21 16:12:22

[标签:语法 小升初]

  表示地点(at、in、on 、under、over、above、below、near、by、between、among、around、around、in front of、behind、in 、into、out of、along、across、,through、
to、for、from)

  (1)at:在某地点(表示比较狭窄的场所)
    at school上学    at home在家  at 320 xinfu district 在新抚区320号
    at the station 在火车站 

  (2)in:在某地(表示比较宽敞的场所)
    she will arrive in shanghai at ten .10点她将到达上海。

  (3)表示地点方向的on ,under ,over ,above ,below
    ①on:在……上面,有接触面
      on the table 在桌子上面
    ②above:在……上方
      sometimes juliana could hear planes above the trees.
      有时朱莉安娜能听到树林上空的飞机声。
    ③over:在……正上方,是under的反义词
      over these tombs ,they built pyramids .在这些坟墓上,他们建起了金字塔。
    ④under:在……下面,在……之内
    the twin sisters put the basket under the tree .这姐俩把篮子放到了树下。
    ⑤below:在……下方,(不一定是正下方)
    three thousand metres below her ,she could see nothing except the thick jungle .
    3000米以下,除了茂密的丛林之外,她什么也看不见。

  (4)near ,by
    ①near:近的,不远的(=not far)是的反义词,near还可以指时间,in the near future在不远的将来。
      green’s lake was a small lake near his home .格林湖是他家附近的一个小湖。
    ②by:在……旁边,比的距离要近
    juliana walked by the side of the river for six more long days .
    朱莉安娜沿着河岸又走了足足6天。

  (5)between ,among ,around
    ①between:在两者之间
      the differences between american english and british english are not very great .美国英语和英国英语之间的差别不是很大。
    ②among:在三者或者更多的之中
    there are some american students among us .在我们中间有几个美国学校。
    ③around:环绕,在…..的周围,在……的四周
      they arrived at a valley with high mountains all around it .
    他们到达了四周有高山环绕的山谷

  (6)in front of ,behind
    ①in front of :在……的前面
      there is a car in front of the house .房子前面有一辆小汽车。
    ②behind :在…..后边
    are there any cows behind the house ?房子后面有一些牛吗?

  (7)in ,into ,out of
    ①in:在…..之内,用于表示静止的位置
      there are four girls in the room.房间里有4个女孩。
    ②into:进入,用于表示有特定终点的运动方向,通常用于表示动作的动作之后。如:come ,go ,walk ,jump ,run..
      she took me from the hall into my classroom .她把我从门厅带进我的教室里边去。

  (8)along ,across ,through
    ①along:沿着
      go along zhongshan road and turn right at the second crossing .
      沿着中山路走然后在第二个十这路口向右拐。
    ②across:横过(平面物体)
    very slowly,the continents are moving across the face of the world .
    各个洲在地球表面缓缓漂移。
    ③through:贯通,通过
    the students walked through the gate with uncle wang .
    学生们随着王叔叔通过大门。

  (9)to ,for ,from
    ①到达……地点(目的地)或方向
      where’s jack? he has gone to london.杰克上哪了?他去伦敦了。
    ②for:表示目的,为了……
    do you know what he comes here for ? 你知道他为什么来这儿吗?
    ③from:从……地点起
      how far is it from london to new york?  从伦敦到纽约有多远?

练习题

  ( ) 1 They are getting ready____ fly____ England____their holiday.
    A. for; to; to B. to; to; for C. for; for; to D. to; to; to

  ( ) 2 What did you have ___ breakfast?
    A. at B. as C. for D. about

  ( ) 3 They were invited to an important ball ____ the first time ____ their lives.
    A. for; in B. at; in C. on; for D. in; with

  ( ) 4 Tom always comes late____school.
    A. at . B. inside C. to D. for

  ( ) 5 Mr Smith caught hold___ Bob and said, "This is a good lesson___ you.
    A. of; for B. for; of C. of; of D. for; for

  ( ) 6 The shop___ clothes is the right side ___ the street.
    A. of; at; beside B. for; on; at C. for; on; of D. of; in; of

  ( ) 7 His mother often helps him ___ English so he does better ___ English than others. ;
    A. with; in B. on; in C. in; with D. with; at

  ( ) 8 He drove away___the direction of London.
    A. in B. at C. to D. for

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百科词条:语法 小升初